Cultural Information on Turkey

Category: News Created: 18 January 2014
Last Updated: Saturday, 18 January 2014 01:07 Published: 18 January 2014
Written by Paweł Pośnik Hits: 2541

INFORMATION ABOUT TURKEY

GEOGRAPHY

The interesting rock formation, known as ‘’fairy chimneys’’ have been formed as the result of the erosion of this tufa layer, sclupted by wind and flood water, running down on the slopes of the valleys. Fairy chimneys is in Nevşehir, Central Anatolian region in Turkey. Water has found its way through the valleys creating cracks and reptures in the hard rock.

SPORT

The most popular one is football. Turkey’s top teams include Galatasaray,Fenerbahçe and Beşiktaş. In 2002 Turkish Football National Team finished third in the 2002 Fifa World Cup, in 2008 Turkish Football Natonal Team reached the semi-final of the UEFA 2008 Competition. Basketball and volleyball are also popular in Turkey. Turkey hosted the finals of Euro Basket 2001 and the 2010 FIBA Wold Championship with the Men’s National Team finishing second in both events. Woman’s volleyball team Fenerbahçe, Eczacıbaşı and VakıfBank have won European Championship. Fenerbahçe also won the CEV Woman World Club Championship.

ART/MUSİC

Leyla Gencer (October 10, 1928-May10, 2008) was a world renowned Turkish operatic soprano. Known as ‘La Diva Turca’ (means The Turkish Diva) in the opera world. She spent most of her career in Italy, from the early 1950s though the mid-1980s.

LITERATURE

Turkey has lots of poets and novelists. One of the most important novelist is Orhan Pamuk who gained Nobel Prize at his early age. His first book is ‘Cevat Bey’ and his boks translated in sixty languages. In 2006 he was selected one of the most effective 100 people in the world by TIME magazine. He is the first  and only Turkish person who gained Nobel.

HISTORY

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk led to found the Turkish Republic and was selected the first President of Turkey by Turkish Parliament. In 1919 he started the War of Independence and he made reforms that formed the modern Turkey.