The word itself is used for the process when you remake products out of waste. The main goal of recycling is to spare the remaining natural energy sources like trees. There's us need to cut them down, or mine iron stone for car production. And the another goal is to reduce the amount of waste in the world.
There are certain laws within the European Union to regulate. The use of recycled waste, reduce their harmful effects on humans.
The domestic waste management has also taken some action. It has proposed a special program, which contains some special criteria about recycling. This document has been accepted by the government.
We try to put emphasis on the innovative technology and to cut down on the amount of waste. The document also says that.
The HKI regulation up to 2020 the use of recycled materials (papers, plastic, wood, grass) Should be increased by 50% , and the constructional/ demolition waste should be increased by 70% until 2015 a separated waste-collecting system has to be set up to reduce the waste by 35%
There is a so called „waste hierarchy” and it can be followed in 5 steps:
The UNESCO puts much emphasis on how to learn to improve to be aware of environmental protection. The new regulations in 2012 have focused on the protection of our fields , forests , native plants and species not only for the present but for the next generation .
The organizers have also established:
A „green” day-care program
In this campaign there are 512 Eco schools and 111 „green” day-cares involved, where the kids have to learn how to recycle and who it is so important.
In Hungary only 17% of the population collect rubbish selectively. Just to make things better, selective bins have been placed outside the houses. Although it seems to be very useful, the delivery expenses have increased.
In Hungary metal containing wastes are the most important wastes from batteries and electronic waste, which contain silver, gold, iron and aluminium and other „critical elements”
How to reuse it: paper tubes, kitchen aluminium fail, or even lamps can be made from recycled paper. Making paper from cartons. In this process the paper fiber plays an important role.
Rubber is recycled 100%. It has to be recycled 100% according to recent laws, which take this issue very seriously.
This rubber wastage is used for making playgrounds, sport fields, lofts and also coating riding halls, doormats, belts or bracelets, or tyres
Facts about recycling in Hungary
This is not a highlighted topic but we can be really proud of the recycling in Hungary.
There are about 100 companies which deal with the reuse of waste materials such as paper, metal, plastic, glass, tyres, electronics, etc.
We have a couple of special products which are worth mentioning such as the furniture family made of recycled cardboard. This is a worldwide patented Hungarian product range.
The fans of the ventilation system of the new underground route in London are also produced and delivered by Hungary. The speciality of these fans is that their blades are made of recycled beverage cans.
Most of products are made of recycled plastic - e.g. garden benches, fences - but the piers can be also built from 100% recycled materials.
What can be made from plastic waste? Building industry, mortar box, Traffic signs by motorway, lime-bag, Agriculture, mowing equipments, bins, boxes, Household, litter bags, litter bins, plastic table clothes, raincoats, beach ball, CD DVD Case
Spare parts of cars
Rebar. Which is indispensable for building industry.
300,000 tons of scrap is used in the steelworks of Ózd
Cleaned cullet, made from glass
After collecting them all, they are weighed and recycled
Most important alternate energy sources: Solar energy, windenergy, hydro energy, geothermalenergy
An issue about the plan of the renewable energy using of Hungary has just been released. According to the regulation of the EU, Hungary must cover 13% of the energy consumption with renewable energy within 2020. In this plan the main goal is at least 14,65%
In Hungary the wind energy cannot be use as much as other countries. Because the wind depends on the weather, so it is not fix. It means that the wind turbines can produce periodically, but in the electricity system needed permanent producing-consuming rate.
The other problem is the obtainable power: in Hungary the intensity of the blow of the wind is not enough to gain the ideal amount of energy from the turbines.
The solar energy system is not built up yet, but in the future it could be a potential electricity producing and heating system.
The situation is the same with the wind energy and the hydro energy. The water flows of our rivers are great, but their fall is not enough to gain ideal amount of energy.
The geothermal energy is concerned as natural resources of Hungary (In other counties the average 3-4 C/100 m, but in Hungary it is 5-7 C/100m). The consumed energy will be tripled till 2020 mostly for heating. (Heating of buildings, warming water, etc.). A separate development program will serve the renovating of the bathes, that will help the growing of tourism. A part of the warm water of the depths of the Earth will be used for heating, in the agriculture and in the thermal bathes, on the other side for electricity production. But the last one is limited: at least 8 cubic meter 120 C degree water needed/ minute. Hungary is very rich in mineral waters and natural spa waters, that could be the key in the future of the eco-friendly energy producing.
A Hungarian girl developed an environmentally friendly design bed that can help the homeless peoples. The terMINI is a complex bed. Its size in rolled up form is like a bag, and it can be build up with zipper and Velcro straps. It can be fast built and pack up and it is heat-retaining, waterproof and padded. Laczkó Juli spent 40 minutes in the terMINI and she told: outside was cold and snow, but inside it was warm enough not to wear a coat. The girls name is one with the recycled nylon material that she developed and called UTOPLAST. From that she produces bags with the name, Plastenka.